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Zhu yin Fu hao (Abjad Mandarin)555

    Zhu yin Fu hao (Abjad Mandarin)

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    co_ols
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    Zhu yin Fu hao (Abjad Mandarin)

    Post by co_ols on Thu Jul 30, 2009 2:27 am

    Zhuyin Fuhao (Fonetik simbol) adalah suku kata pembentuk karakter Mandarin, bisa disebut sebagai abjad


    I. Tabel Suku Kata Dasar Mandarin (Zhuyin Fuhao) Artinya Fonetik Simbol



    Perhatikan Ada 37 huruf dasar pada mandarin (roman spelling) yg digunakan untuk membentuk karakter kanji Mandarin seperti diatas :
    (Wajib dihafalkan)

    * B (baca: Pe), P (baca: Phe), M (baca: Me), F(baca: Fe)
    * De (baca: Te), Te (baca: The), Ne, Le
    * Ge (baca: Ke), Ke (baca: Khe), He
    * Ji (baca: Ci), Qi (baca: Ji), Xi (baca: Si)
    * Zi (baca: Ce), Ci (baca: Je), Si (baca: Se)
    * Zhi (baca: CHe), Chi (baca: JHe), Shi (baca: SHe), Ri (baca: RHe) Lidah ditarik kedalam
    * A, O, Ê, È
    * I, U, Ü
    * Ai, Ei, Ao, Ou
    * An, En, Ang, Eng
    * Er (baca: ŒR)

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    Re: Zhu yin Fu hao (Abjad Mandarin)

    Post by co_ols on Thu Jul 30, 2009 2:31 am

    II. Contoh Karakter Mandarin & cara bacanya


    Perhatikan Karakter mandarin Diatas :

    Ada 2 kata mandarin sebelah kiri yg tercetak tebal.
    Ada 4 suku kata Mandarin disebelah kanannya.

    Nah dari Tabel pada Bab I, kita bisa membacanya:

    4 buah suku kata td dibacanya (berdasarkan Tabel):

    F + U + H + AU (Benar tdk? Coba periksa... )

    Jadi kedua kata tsb bisa kita lafalkan : "Fu Hao" (Artinya Simbol/Karakter)

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    Re: Zhu yin Fu hao (Abjad Mandarin)

    Post by co_ols on Thu Jul 30, 2009 3:01 am

    A syllable in Chinese is composed of an initial, which is a consonant that begins the syllable, and a final, wich covers the rest of the syllable.
    Code:

    b    p    m    f
    d    t    n    l
    g    k    h   
    j    q    x   
    z    c    s   
    zh   ch   sh   r
    • m, f, n, l, h and sh are pronounced as in English.

    • d like "d" in "bed" (unaspirated)
      j like "g" in "genius" (unaspirated)
      z like "ds" in "beds"
      zh like "j" in "job"
      b like "p" in "spin" (unaspirated)
      g a soft unaspirated "k" sound
      x like "sh" in "sheep" but with the corners of the lips drawn back
      r somewhat like "r" in "rain"

    • Particular attention should be paid to the pronunciation of the so-called "aspirated" consonants. It is necessary to breath heavily after the consonant is pronounced.
      p like "p" in "pope"
      t like "t" in "tap"
      k like "k" in "kangaroo"
      q harder than "ch" in "cheap"
      c like "ts" in "cats"
      ch (tongue curled back, aspirated)

    • Distinction between certain initials:
      b / p
      d / t
      g / k
      j / q
      z / c
      zh / ch

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    Re: Zhu yin Fu hao (Abjad Mandarin)

    Post by co_ols on Thu Jul 30, 2009 3:08 am

    In modern Chinese, there are 38 finals besides the above-represented 21 initials.
    Code:
          i        u         ü
    a     ia       ua   
    o              uo         üe
    e     ie      
    er         
    ai              uai   
    ei              uei (ui)   
    ao     iao      
    ou     iou (iu)      
    an     ian     uan       üan
    en     in       uen (un)   üen
    Code:
    ang     iang     uang   
    eng     ieng     ueng   
    ong     iong      
    • ie like "ye" in "yes"

    • e like "e" in "her"

    • er like "er" in "sister" (american pronounciation)

    • ai like "y" in "by" (light)

    • ei like "ay" in "bay"

    • ou like "o" in "go"

    • an like "an" in "can" (without stressing the "n")

    • -ng (final) a nasalized soung like the "ng" in "bang" without pronouncing the "g"

    • uei, uen and iou when preceded by an initial, are written as ui, un and iu respectivly

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    TONES

    Post by co_ols on Thu Jul 30, 2009 3:26 am

    Mandarin Chinese has four pitched tones and a "toneless" tone.

    ToneMarkDescription
    1stHigh and level
    2ndStarts medium in tone, then rises to the top
    3rdStarts low, dips to the bottom, then rises toward the top
    4thStarts at the top, then falls sharp and strong to the bottom
    NeutraldaFlat, with no emphasis

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    Re: Zhu yin Fu hao (Abjad Mandarin)

    Post by co_ols on Thu Jul 30, 2009 3:29 am

    TONES CHANGES

    A 3rd tone, when immediatlely followed by another 3rd tone, should pe pronounced in the 2nd tone.

    Nǐ hǎo = Ní hǎo

    ---------------------------


    Terakhir diubah oleh co_ols tanggal Thu Jul 30, 2009 4:00 am, total 1 kali diubah

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    Conversation

    Post by co_ols on Thu Jul 30, 2009 3:42 am


    Nǐ hǎo
    你 好

    Zài jiàn
    再 见

    ..... nǐ ........ You ..................... Kamu
    ..... hǎo ...... good, well ............ Baik
    你好! nǐhǎo! ... Hello, How are you? Apa kabar?

    ..... zài ....... again ........... lagi
    ..... jiàn ...... see .............. bersua (berjumpa)
    再见! zàijiàn! .. Goodbye! ..... Selamat tinggal

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    Calligraphy exercises

    Post by co_ols on Thu Jul 30, 2009 3:53 am

    4 first chinese characters : 你,好,再 et 见. Learn the stroke order.








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    Re: Zhu yin Fu hao (Abjad Mandarin)

    Post by hariyono on Mon Aug 03, 2009 10:49 am

    [b]wei...co ols ni hao ?

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    Re: Zhu yin Fu hao (Abjad Mandarin)

    Post by hello_kitty2306 on Mon Aug 03, 2009 11:08 am

    co_ols wrote:4 first chinese characters : 你,好,再 et 见. Learn the stroke order.








    ini disebut pi hua (mandarin)
    artinya cara menulis....

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    Re: Zhu yin Fu hao (Abjad Mandarin)

    Post by co_ols on Mon Aug 03, 2009 1:40 pm

    hariyono wrote:wei...co_ols, ni hao ?
    cheers she fu... wo hen hao, ni ye hao ma ?

    ===================================
    wei = hai, halo (hi...)
    ni = kamu (you)
    ni men = kalian (they)
    wo = saya (i)
    wo men = kami (we)
    hen = sangat (very)
    hao = baik (fine, well)
    ye = juga (too)
    ma = kata tanya, seperti: "apakah" (what, how)

    ===================================

    hariyono wrote:hai... co_ols, apa kabarmu ?
    guru... saya baik2 saja, apakah kabarmu juga baik?

    hariyono wrote:hi... co_ols, how are you ?
    sir... i am fine thank you, how about you?

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    Re: Zhu yin Fu hao (Abjad Mandarin)

    Post by co_ols on Mon Aug 03, 2009 2:06 pm

    hello_kitty2306 wrote:
    co_ols wrote:4 first chinese characters : 你,好,再 et 见. Learn the stroke order.



    ini disebut pi hua (mandarin)
    artinya cara menulis....
    mei mei..... xie xie , gan bei (baca: kan pei)
    adik,.......... trims....................., mari bersulang
    sister........ thanks..................., let's toast


    Terakhir diubah oleh co_ols tanggal Thu Oct 22, 2009 3:36 pm, total 1 kali diubah

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    Re: Zhu yin Fu hao (Abjad Mandarin)

    Post by ceyung on Mon Sep 28, 2009 6:19 pm

    gw keknya jadi trauma belajar bahasa mandarin...
    hahaha...
    belajar bahasa jepang n jerman aja ah...

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    Re: Zhu yin Fu hao (Abjad Mandarin)

    Post by co_ols on Mon Sep 28, 2009 7:33 pm

    ceyung wrote:gw keknya jadi trauma belajar bahasa mandarin...
    hahaha...
    belajar bahasa jepang n jerman aja ah...

    kalo emang ada yg bisa bahasa jepang atau jerman tar saya bikinin ruangnya...

    atau jangang2 ceyung jago bahasa jepang ama jerman? ajarin kita2 donk disini

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    Re: Zhu yin Fu hao (Abjad Mandarin)

    Post by florence on Thu Oct 22, 2009 3:10 pm

    mau donk kursusnya.... ada info dimana gitu? thx

      Waktu sekarang Sat Dec 20, 2014 10:01 am