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Zhu yin Fu hao (Abjad Mandarin)

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co_ols
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Zhu yin Fu hao (Abjad Mandarin)

Post by co_ols on Thu Jul 30, 2009 2:27 am

Zhuyin Fuhao (Fonetik simbol) adalah suku kata pembentuk karakter Mandarin, bisa disebut sebagai abjad


I. Tabel Suku Kata Dasar Mandarin (Zhuyin Fuhao) Artinya Fonetik Simbol



Perhatikan Ada 37 huruf dasar pada mandarin (roman spelling) yg digunakan untuk membentuk karakter kanji Mandarin seperti diatas :
(Wajib dihafalkan)

* B (baca: Pe), P (baca: Phe), M (baca: Me), F(baca: Fe)
* De (baca: Te), Te (baca: The), Ne, Le
* Ge (baca: Ke), Ke (baca: Khe), He
* Ji (baca: Ci), Qi (baca: Ji), Xi (baca: Si)
* Zi (baca: Ce), Ci (baca: Je), Si (baca: Se)
* Zhi (baca: CHe), Chi (baca: JHe), Shi (baca: SHe), Ri (baca: RHe) Lidah ditarik kedalam
* A, O, Ê, È
* I, U, Ü
* Ai, Ei, Ao, Ou
* An, En, Ang, Eng
* Er (baca: ŒR)

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Re: Zhu yin Fu hao (Abjad Mandarin)

Post by co_ols on Thu Jul 30, 2009 2:31 am

II. Contoh Karakter Mandarin & cara bacanya


Perhatikan Karakter mandarin Diatas :

Ada 2 kata mandarin sebelah kiri yg tercetak tebal.
Ada 4 suku kata Mandarin disebelah kanannya.

Nah dari Tabel pada Bab I, kita bisa membacanya:

4 buah suku kata td dibacanya (berdasarkan Tabel):

F + U + H + AU (Benar tdk? Coba periksa... )

Jadi kedua kata tsb bisa kita lafalkan : "Fu Hao" (Artinya Simbol/Karakter)

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Re: Zhu yin Fu hao (Abjad Mandarin)

Post by co_ols on Thu Jul 30, 2009 3:01 am

A syllable in Chinese is composed of an initial, which is a consonant that begins the syllable, and a final, wich covers the rest of the syllable.
Code:

b    p    m    f
d    t    n    l
g    k    h   
j    q    x   
z    c    s   
zh   ch   sh   r
  • m, f, n, l, h and sh are pronounced as in English.

  • d like "d" in "bed" (unaspirated)
    j like "g" in "genius" (unaspirated)
    z like "ds" in "beds"
    zh like "j" in "job"
    b like "p" in "spin" (unaspirated)
    g a soft unaspirated "k" sound
    x like "sh" in "sheep" but with the corners of the lips drawn back
    r somewhat like "r" in "rain"

  • Particular attention should be paid to the pronunciation of the so-called "aspirated" consonants. It is necessary to breath heavily after the consonant is pronounced.
    p like "p" in "pope"
    t like "t" in "tap"
    k like "k" in "kangaroo"
    q harder than "ch" in "cheap"
    c like "ts" in "cats"
    ch (tongue curled back, aspirated)

  • Distinction between certain initials:
    b / p
    d / t
    g / k
    j / q
    z / c
    zh / ch

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Re: Zhu yin Fu hao (Abjad Mandarin)

Post by co_ols on Thu Jul 30, 2009 3:08 am

In modern Chinese, there are 38 finals besides the above-represented 21 initials.
Code:
      i        u         ü
a     ia       ua   
o              uo         üe
e     ie      
er         
ai              uai   
ei              uei (ui)   
ao     iao      
ou     iou (iu)      
an     ian     uan       üan
en     in       uen (un)   üen
Code:
ang     iang     uang   
eng     ieng     ueng   
ong     iong      
  • ie like "ye" in "yes"

  • e like "e" in "her"

  • er like "er" in "sister" (american pronounciation)

  • ai like "y" in "by" (light)

  • ei like "ay" in "bay"

  • ou like "o" in "go"

  • an like "an" in "can" (without stressing the "n")

  • -ng (final) a nasalized soung like the "ng" in "bang" without pronouncing the "g"

  • uei, uen and iou when preceded by an initial, are written as ui, un and iu respectivly

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TONES

Post by co_ols on Thu Jul 30, 2009 3:26 am

Mandarin Chinese has four pitched tones and a "toneless" tone.

ToneMarkDescription
1stHigh and level
2ndStarts medium in tone, then rises to the top
3rdStarts low, dips to the bottom, then rises toward the top
4thStarts at the top, then falls sharp and strong to the bottom
NeutraldaFlat, with no emphasis

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Re: Zhu yin Fu hao (Abjad Mandarin)

Post by co_ols on Thu Jul 30, 2009 3:29 am

TONES CHANGES

A 3rd tone, when immediatlely followed by another 3rd tone, should pe pronounced in the 2nd tone.

Nǐ hǎo = Ní hǎo

---------------------------


Terakhir diubah oleh co_ols tanggal Thu Jul 30, 2009 4:00 am, total 1 kali diubah

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Conversation

Post by co_ols on Thu Jul 30, 2009 3:42 am


Nǐ hǎo
你 好

Zài jiàn
再 见

..... nǐ ........ You ..................... Kamu
..... hǎo ...... good, well ............ Baik
你好! nǐhǎo! ... Hello, How are you? Apa kabar?

..... zài ....... again ........... lagi
..... jiàn ...... see .............. bersua (berjumpa)
再见! zàijiàn! .. Goodbye! ..... Selamat tinggal

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Calligraphy exercises

Post by co_ols on Thu Jul 30, 2009 3:53 am

4 first chinese characters : 你,好,再 et 见. Learn the stroke order.








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Re: Zhu yin Fu hao (Abjad Mandarin)

Post by hariyono on Mon Aug 03, 2009 10:49 am

[b]wei...co ols ni hao ?

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Re: Zhu yin Fu hao (Abjad Mandarin)

Post by hello_kitty2306 on Mon Aug 03, 2009 11:08 am

co_ols wrote:4 first chinese characters : 你,好,再 et 见. Learn the stroke order.








ini disebut pi hua (mandarin)
artinya cara menulis....

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Re: Zhu yin Fu hao (Abjad Mandarin)

Post by co_ols on Mon Aug 03, 2009 1:40 pm

hariyono wrote:wei...co_ols, ni hao ?
cheers she fu... wo hen hao, ni ye hao ma ?

===================================
wei = hai, halo (hi...)
ni = kamu (you)
ni men = kalian (they)
wo = saya (i)
wo men = kami (we)
hen = sangat (very)
hao = baik (fine, well)
ye = juga (too)
ma = kata tanya, seperti: "apakah" (what, how)

===================================

hariyono wrote:hai... co_ols, apa kabarmu ?
guru... saya baik2 saja, apakah kabarmu juga baik?

hariyono wrote:hi... co_ols, how are you ?
sir... i am fine thank you, how about you?

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Re: Zhu yin Fu hao (Abjad Mandarin)

Post by co_ols on Mon Aug 03, 2009 2:06 pm

hello_kitty2306 wrote:
co_ols wrote:4 first chinese characters : 你,好,再 et 见. Learn the stroke order.



ini disebut pi hua (mandarin)
artinya cara menulis....
mei mei..... xie xie , gan bei (baca: kan pei)
adik,.......... trims....................., mari bersulang
sister........ thanks..................., let's toast


Terakhir diubah oleh co_ols tanggal Thu Oct 22, 2009 3:36 pm, total 1 kali diubah

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Re: Zhu yin Fu hao (Abjad Mandarin)

Post by ceyung on Mon Sep 28, 2009 6:19 pm

gw keknya jadi trauma belajar bahasa mandarin...
hahaha...
belajar bahasa jepang n jerman aja ah...

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Re: Zhu yin Fu hao (Abjad Mandarin)

Post by co_ols on Mon Sep 28, 2009 7:33 pm

ceyung wrote:gw keknya jadi trauma belajar bahasa mandarin...
hahaha...
belajar bahasa jepang n jerman aja ah...

kalo emang ada yg bisa bahasa jepang atau jerman tar saya bikinin ruangnya...

atau jangang2 ceyung jago bahasa jepang ama jerman? ajarin kita2 donk disini

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Re: Zhu yin Fu hao (Abjad Mandarin)

Post by florence on Thu Oct 22, 2009 3:10 pm

mau donk kursusnya.... ada info dimana gitu? thx

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Re: Zhu yin Fu hao (Abjad Mandarin)

Post by co_ols on Thu Oct 22, 2009 3:34 pm

florence wrote:mau donk kursusnya.... ada info dimana gitu? thx

hehehhh... kursusnya ya disini... kursus online gitu loh...

rencana awalnya mau bayar guru privat buat ngajar disini, tapi berhubung ga ada yg tertarik jadinya yah guru lesnya kaga jadi di hire kesini, nanti akan saya coba pertimbangkan kembali sama rekan2 yg lain kalo emang banyak yg tertarik untuk belajar mandarin disini.

untuk saat ini karna baru kamu yg tertarik kita belajar bareng aja secara otodidak sama2 hehehehhh.......

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Re: Zhu yin Fu hao (Abjad Mandarin)

Post by florence on Thu Oct 22, 2009 3:42 pm

@ co_ols

liat sich bs ngikut pelan2.... kendalanya nadanya khan tidak tau mana yg benar
buta at all..... Embarassed Embarassed

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Re: Zhu yin Fu hao (Abjad Mandarin)

Post by co_ols on Thu Oct 22, 2009 3:44 pm

florence wrote:kasian dh gue.....

koq kasian... itu di post bagian awal kan udah ada dasar2 untuk belajar pin yin (ejaan roman spelling, kalo indonesia semacam ejaan yang disempurnakan) kamu kuasain itu aja dulu baru nanti tinggal dalemin, kalo emang memungkinkan dan kalau rekan2 semua mendukung bila perlu nanti kita bikin perkumpulannya untuk belajar bareng2 (kalo kmu tinggalnya dijakarta tentunya), kalau perlu kamu yg atur tempat dan waktu pelaksanaanya diadakan dimana nanti masalah donatur untuk bayar guru privatnya biar saya yg urus.

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Re: Zhu yin Fu hao (Abjad Mandarin)

Post by lani on Sun May 23, 2010 2:48 pm

Ya ko tambah bahasa jepangnya donk Very Happy

Tapi bahasa mandarinnya juga belum terlalu ngerti hehehe..

numpang ikut belajar yah ?Smile

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Re: Zhu yin Fu hao (Abjad Mandarin)

Post by arif_doudo on Tue Jun 29, 2010 10:52 pm

Ngikut...............
Sy ma cm baru bisa bilang "hao ma?" doang hahaha Very Happy
Ada gak program/kamus downloadable yang Mandarin-Indonesian??? Bingung klo pkek Inggris, secara lom jg bs Bhs Inggris hahahaa study

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Re: Zhu yin Fu hao (Abjad Mandarin)

Post by combrot on Wed Oct 17, 2012 10:19 pm

maaf mas, mbak, saya newbie disini, numpang tanya, cara menyambung huruf2 kanji bagaimana ya? saya bingung kalo sudah dalam bentuk frase atau kata, mau membreakdown untuk jadi huruf2 dasarnya, xie xie

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